What You Need
- One of the following boards:
- Arduino Uno
- Arduino Nano
- Pre-programmed Arduino Uno from the RetroSpy store
- USB cable to connect the Teensy to your computer
- A RetroSpy NES cable. Do one of the following:
- Buy a pre-made cable from the RetroSpy store
- Skip straight to Hooking It Up
- Make you own using the instructions under Wiring
- NES controller extension cable
- Wires to solder into the controller extension cable to go to the Arduino, like these
- Wire cutters/strippers
- Soldering iron and solder
- Electrical tape and/or heat shrink tubing
- Digital multimeter or a cheap continuity tester
- Buy a pre-made cable from the RetroSpy store
- The latest Arduino software
- Firmware for the Arduino
- PC software to connect to the Arduino and display the controller
#2 and #3 above are included in the release package of RetroSpy. The firmware is located in the
firmware folder and is called
firmware.ino. Just run RetroSpy.exe to launch the display software.
This is the most time consuming piece, especially if you have never done any wiring/soldering before.
- First you will need to cut your controller extension cable so you can splice into the wires (consider which spot in the extension cable to cut, game system side, controller side, middle)
- Use your exacto knife or box cutters to very carefully cut away and peel back the plastic covering on both halves, about 2-3 inches should be good enough.
- Use wire strippers to strip back about 1/2 an inch of the plastic covering on each wire. In my case I had to carefully use my exacto knife because the wires were too small for the stripper, I rotated the wire against the blade until I could pull the plastic off the end.
- Next you will need to use a digital multimeter or continuity tester to figure out which pin on your controller plugin goes to which wire in the extension cable, make sure to write down your findings. Do NOT trust the color of the wires, the colors will vary from cable to cable.
- For the NES you need to splice the Latch(OUT 0), Data(D1), and Clock(CUP) lines based on this pinout. If you want support for the Power Pad you also need to splice D3 and D4.
- Figure out the length you need between your controller extension cable/Arduino and cut and strip a wire for each wire you are going to splice into.
- Solder each wire back together with your spliced wires, here’s what mine looked like when finished I soldered them this way (instead of end-to-end) because this will provide more strain relief against the small controller extension wires possibly breaking with use.
- After soldering everything back together, test out your extension cable with your game system to see that it still works before proceeding.
- Use electrical tape to tape up each wire separately.
- Again use electrical tape to tape all the wires back together, make sure to tape all the way back up to where the extension cable covering starts.
Hooking it up
- Download and install the latest release of RetroSpy.
- Install the latest Arduino software, download the Windows Installer option. If you are not programming your own board you can skip this step.
- Hook up the RetroSpy cable to your Arduino according to this pinout.
NES Pin Arduino Digital Pin GND GND Clock 6 Latch 3 Data 4 5V Not Connected D3 2 D4 5
- Plug the controller into the RetroSpy cable.
- Plug the RetroSpy cable into the NES.
- Plug the USB cable into the Arduino.
- Plug the other end of the USB cable into the display PC.
Once the wiring is done and everything is hooked up to your game system and computer, now for the easy part.
- Make sure the the USB cable between your Arduino and PC is connected and if you are not going to program your own board you can now skip to Step 8.
- Open the Arduino software that you installed above.
- You should see “Arduino on COMX” at the bottom right corner if everything is working. If not, you may need to restart and/or replug the USB connector.
- In the Arduino software select File->Open from the menubar and open the
firmware.inofile from the firmware folder of the installed RetroSpy release (by default this is
C:\Program Files (x86)\RetroSpy\firmware).
- Now uncomment the option for
MODE_NES. Note that
MODE_SNESis uncommented in this image.
- Hit the upload button (right pointing arrow) located just under the ‘Edit’ menu, this will upload and run the software on the Arduino. It should look like the following image. Once successfully uploaded, you won’t have to upload software again to the Arduino again unless you want to change controller modes.
- Power on your console.
- The selection here should be pretty straightforward, select the ‘COMX’ port that the Arduino is on, select the controller you are using, select a skin, and hit ‘Go’. If everything is hooked up correctly you should see your controller and inputs displaying.